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Thank you, Sandy McInnis for the history of Canada.

Alberta

  • Alberta is located in the heart of Western Canada bordered by the Canadian Rocky Mountains to the West and the prairies to the East. Alberta shares an international peace park with Montana
  • The capital city is Edmonton. 4.08 millionpeople live in Alberta which has a size of 255,541 square miles.
  • Banff and Jasper National Parks are world-renowned resorts in the Canadian Rocky Mountains and both are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Lake Louise is a stunning area to include in any trip to Alberta
  • In Alberta you can explore the Canadian Badlands, enjoy skiing, snowboarding, dog sledding, star gazing and the Northern lights, fishing, hiking, wildlife, golfing, ice walking in Johnston Canyon or the Calgary Stampede
  • Mount Columbia is the highest point in the mountains @3,747……..
  • Alberta shares a border with the U.S. state of Montana
  • Montana
  • Montana joined the Union on November 8, 1889 as the 41st state. The population is 1,005,141, the capital is Helena and the state’s nickname is “the treasure state”
  • With the signing of the Louisiana Purchase Treaty between the U.S.A. and France on April 30, 1803 part of the parcel of land is now the state of Montana.
  • Native Americans were the first inhabitants of the area. The Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06 was the first group of white explorers to cross Montana, followed by fur trappers and traders. The passage of the “Enlarged Homestead Act” of 1909 brought tens of thousands of homestead farmers into the state

 

 

BRITISH COLUMBIA

  • The provinces and Territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second largest country by area. Canada has 10 provinces and 3 territories
  • Our American neighbors are: Washington, Idaho, Montana and Alaska
  • British Columbia joined the Canadian Federation on July 20, 1871. BC is the westernmost of Canadas 10 provinces, and our 3rd most populated province
  • Beautiful British Columbia has a population of 4.61 million and covers 364,764 square miles. The largest Island is Vancouver Island @12,408 square miles
  • The capital is Victoria, the gemstone is jade and their provincial flower is the Pacific dogwood. The Fraser River is the longest river @ 850 miles
  • BC has 10 mountain ranges, the highest point being FairweatherMountain @ 15,299 feet.  World renowned ski resorts and clear mountain lakes. You can surf the Pacific swells, or hike to a glacier and back in a day
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  • Washington State
  • Washington joined the union on November 11, 1889 as the 42nd state. And was named in honor of George Washington. The state has a population is 6.7 million, and the capital is Olympia
  • Part of Washington’s state highway system, the Washington Ferries, convey people and their vehicles to and from points around the Puget Sound. The state flower is the coastal rhododendron and the state bird is the willow goldfinch
  • Points of interests are; Mount Rainier, Mount St. Helene,TheSpace Needle. Mount St. Helene is an active volcano and the surrounding area demonstrates the vast destruction from the 1980 eruption as well as signs of amazing recovery in plant and animal life. Olympic National Park is a unique and diverse wilderness preserve where you can experience a number of different ecosystems (mountains, rain forests and beaches)
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  • Idaho
  • Idaho joined the union on July 4, 1890 as the 43rd state. And is nicknamed the gem state (72 types of precious and semi-precious stones),or the spud state
  • The state has a population of 1.6 million and the capital is Boise (with a population more than 200,000)
  • tourists interests include the State Park of Bruneau Dunes which is home to the tallest freestanding sand dunes in North America with the highest reaching 470 feet. Visit the Potato Museum in Blackfoot and discover the world of Idaho’s famous potatoes. Idaho produces more potatoes and trout than any other state in the union
  • Idaho has no NFL, MLB, NBA, WNBA, MLS OR NHL
  • Winter sports are abundant in Sun Valley, Brundage Mountain, the Schweitzer mountain resort and Look Out Pass. The state draws 20 million tourists each year
  • The diverse geography of Idaho has hot springs, valleys for golfing, river rafting , winery tours, horse trails and  ghost mining towns
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  • Alaska
  • Alaska was purchase from Russia for $7,200,000 in 1867 (about 2 cents an acre). Alaska joined the Union on January 3, 1959 as the 49th state. It is the largest state in the U.S.A. The state’s population is 738,432 and covers an area of 663,267 square miles. The capital is Juneau.
  • The state motto is: North to the future. The state sport is dog mushing, their flower is the forget-me-not
  • The state is nicknamed the land of the midnight sun. In Alaska the summers in the interior can have up to 24 hours of daylight
  • The Alaska Native Population includes Eskimos, Indians and Aleuts. Eskimo is used for Alaska Natives, Inuit is used for Eskimos living in Canada
  • Origin of the name- part of an Aleut word meaning “ Great Land” or “that which the sea breaks against”
  • In August 2015 Mount McKinley’s name was restored to the native name “Denali
  • There are many impressive National Parks and Preserves in Alaska to view the wildlife on land or at sea on the lookout for Humpback whales. You can drive along the last frontier, boat down the majestic rivers and lakes, hiking the mountains and glaciers or watch 1 of 5 distinct Native groups perform the traditional raven dance 
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  • Montana
  • Montana joined the Union on November 8, 1889 as the 41st state. The population is 1,005,141, the capital is Helena and the state’s nickname is “the treasure state”
  • With the signing of the Louisiana Purchase Treaty between the U.S.A. and France on April 30, 1803 part of the parcel of land is now the state of Montana.
  • Native Americans were the first inhabitants of the area. Tribes included the Crow, Cheyenne, Blackfeet, Assiniboine, GrosVentres,  Kootenai, Salish, Pend d’Oreille and the Kalispel
  • The Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06 was the first group of white explorers to cross Montana, followed by fur trappers and traders. The passage of the “Enlarged Homestead Act” of 1909 brought tens of thousands of homestead farmers into the state. After the 1840’s gold was discovered and brought many prospectors to the area. By the 1860’s cattle ranching began to flourish and by the 1880’s railroads crossed Montana

 

Manitoba

  • Is one of the 3 prairie provinces and is located at the longitudinal center of Canada and entered the Confederation on July 15, 1870
  • Our friends to the South are Minnesota and North Dakota
  • The province has a population of 1.27 million, has an area of 213,255 square miles and is called the land of 100,000 lakes
  • The capital is Winnipeg, with a Canadian nickname of Winterpeg. Winnipeg has short very warm summers and long bitterly cold winters. It can snow from November to April, yet it has the most days of winter sunshine of any Canadian city. The dry cold almost makes it tolerable!!!
  • Manitoba is home to 2.5 million acres of parkland and has a diversified economy led by manufacturing, agriculture, hydroelectricity and mining.
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  • North Dakota
  • North Dakota joined the Union on November 2, 1889 as the 39th state. The state has a population of 672,591 and the capital is Bismarck.
  • Origin of the name- from the Sioux tribe meaning allies
  • The nickname for the state is the Sioux state. The state flower is the wild prairie rose and the state bird is the western meadowlark. The state is the leading producer of honey and sunflowers in the country and produces enough soybeans to make 483 billion crayons per year.
  • The many dairy farms produce 38 million gallons of milk with $68 million in sales annually
  • Teddy bears got their name from former U.S. President Roosevelt and the state is home to the Teddy Roosevelt National Park.
  • There are no NFL, MLB, NBA, WNBA, MLS or NHL teams in North Dakota
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  • Minnesota
  • Minnesota joined the Union on May 11, 1858 as the 32nd state. The capital is St. Paul and the state population is 5,303,925. The state moto is FattiL’Etoile du Nord which translates to “the North Star”
  • The nickname of Minnesota is the land of 10,000 lakes. The origin- from a Dakota Indian word meaning “Sky tinted water”. The state bird is the common loon and the showy lady’s slipper is the state flower
  • Minnesota is home birding and wildlife, fishing and hunting, hiking, wine and beer tours, biking and golf, skiing and snowmobiling through the many outdoor trails and lakes
  • The mall of American is the state’s most visited attraction in Bloomington

 

New Brunswick

  • The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second largest country by area. There are 10 provinces and 3 territories
  • New Brunswick is one of 3 provinces collectively known as the “Maritimes”. NB is joined to Nova Scotia by the narrow Chignecto Isthmus and separated from PEI by the Northumberland Strait.  NB covers 72,908 square km and has a population of 751,171. The capital is Fredericton
  • In 1784 the British divided Nova Scotia naming the West and North portion New Brunswick after the German duchy of Brunswick-Lunenburg
  • NB is the only officially bilingual province in Canada. About 5 % of the province is farmland, most of the remainder is forest. No part of NB is more than 180 km from the ocean
  • New Brunswick’s rock foundation was largely formed in the Palaeozic era (544-250 million years ago)
  • Industries in NB are from both freshwater and sea fisheries, forestry, potato farming and mineral mining
  • Former U.S. president Roosevelt’s summer home and park on Campobello Island is run by a joint Canadian-American Commission
  • New Brunswick shares a boarder with the state of Maine

Maine

  • Maine joined the Union on March 15, 1820 as the 23rd state. The capital is Agusta, with a population of 19,136, making it the 3rd smallest state capital (next to Vermont and South Dakota).Agusta was first explored in 1607 and first inhabited by English settlers in 1629
  • The state is known as the pine tree state and the state bird is the chickadee
  • Origin of the name Maine- used to distinguish the mainland from the offshore islands. It was considered a compliment to Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles 1 of England. She was said to have owned the province of Mayne in France
  • There is no NFL, MLB, NBA, WNBA, MLS or NHL team in the state
  • Points of interest are: Bar Harbor, Allagash National Wilderness Waterway and Roosevelt Campbell International Park
  • The Portland Observatory is the only extant maritime signal station in the U.S.A. The Portland Peninsula was established by the British in 1632 as a trading and fishing settlement

Newfoundland and Labrador

  • The provinces and Territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second largest country by area.
  • Canada now has 10 provinces and 3 territories
  • Newfoundland and Labrador is the most Easterly province of Canada. It compromises the Island of Newfoundland and mainland Labrador. There are half a million people in 156,453 square miles
  • NF&L is where the sun rises first and where the Vikings landed over 1000 years ago. It is home to the oldest settlement and the oldest city in North America but is the youngest province in Canada.(1949)
  • A vast land with relatively small population, NF&L has some of the friendliest people you’ll ever meet
  • You can immerse yourself in the wilderness, stunning coastlines, whales, icebergs and some of the most incredible skyscapes you’ll ever see. You can enjoy hiking, kayaking, snowboarding, skiing, and snowmobiling.
  • NF&L has 29000 km of coastline and 7,000 tiny islands
  • The uniqueculture of NF&L is a product of their English, Irish, French and Aboriginal heritage. Well known for their story telling and sense of humor. There are more varieties of English spoken in NF&L than anywhere else in the world. Their own dictionary “the dictionary of Newfoundland English” was first published in 1982
  • NF&L is home to some of our country’s finest…writers, musicians, actors and comedians
  • NF&L is home to 22 species of whales including the world’s largest migrating population of humpbacks and 35 million seabirds. Iceberg Alley is the best on the continentto see 10,000 year old frosty giants
  • GrosMorne National Park is home to 120,000 moose and one of the largest caribou herds and some of the biggest black bears
  • NF&L is booming with oil and gas, mineral exploration and marine and IT industries
  • NF&L does not share any boarder with an American state

North West Territories

  • The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second largest country by area. There are now 10 provinces and 3 territories
  • Yellowknife is a small culturally diverse city in the far North of Canada, as well as being the capital and only city in the North West Territories. YN has the sunniest summers of any Canadian city and is situated 318 miles South of the Arctic Circle
  • Gold and Government administration were the mainstays of Yellowknife’s economy until the late 1900’s, when the fall of gold prices led to the closure of the 2 main gold companies and the creation of the new territory of Nunavut. This meant the transfer of 1/3 of Government employees. The discovery of diamonds in 1991 came to the rescue and diamond mining, cutting, polishing and selling became  major activities for YN residents
  • The NWT has a consensus system of Government with no political parties. The population is 41,462. The NWT joined Confederation July 15,1870
  • Winters are cold and dark, long summer days with plenty of sunshine make the NWT a magnet for outdoor adventurers and nature lovers
  • Eskimos/Native population living in Canada are identified as Inuit. The word Eskimo is used commonly in the U.S.A. to identify American Native population living in Alaska
  • The North West Territory does not share a boarder with any U.S. state

 

Nova Scotia

  • The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second largest country by area. There are now 10 provinces and 3 territories
  • Nova Scotia is 1 of Canada’s 3 Maritime Provinces and 1 of 4 provinces which form Atlantic Canada. Their license plate bears the phrase Canada’s ocean playground
  • Nova Scotia is surrounded by 4 major bodies of water-in the North is the Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the Bay of Fundy to the West, the Gulf of Maine to the Southwest and the Atlantic Ocean to the East
  • The capital is Halifax with a population of 940,592 and covers 21,345 square miles including Cape Breton and another 3800 coastal islands
  • The provincial flower id the Mayflower. The red spruce is the provincial tree
  • Nova Scotia (Latin for New Scotland) has long been a destination for paleontologists and other scientists as the province has many ancient fossil bearing rock formations, especially on the shores of the Bay of Fundy and Wasson’s Bluff
  • The Bluenose 11 is a replica of the famous schooner and Canada’s tribute to the great age of sailing.
  • There are innumerous points of interest such as: Oak Island, Kejimkeijik National Park, Bay of Fundy, Fortress of Louisburg, Cabot Trail, Citadel Hill, landmark lighthouses, the Annapolis Valley and Lunenburg to mention a few

Canada's Oldest and Largest Maritime Museum

  • The Maritime Museum of the Atlantic is the oldest and largest Maritime Museum in Canada. The original concept of the Museum can be credited to a group of Royal Canadian Navy officers who envisioned a maritime museum where relics of Canada’s naval past could be conserved.
  • Starting with a small space at the Halifax Dockyard in 1948, the museum moved then moved to quarters in the Halifax Citadel in 1952, and became the Maritime Museum of Canada in 1957.
  • Floods and fires in the early 1960s caused temporary relocations to a variety of sites until 1965, when a home was found in a former bakery building at the Navy’s Victualling Depot. The Museum became the Marine History section of the Nova Scotia Museum in 1967.
  • The exhibits remained on Citadel Hill while the offices, library and some of the collection moved to the new Nova Scotia Museum building on Summer Street in Halifax in 1970. Through the 1970s, a long search for a permanent home ensued.
  • Finally, in 1982, the Maritime Museum of the Atlantic was established on the site of the Robertson & Son Ship Chandlery and A.M. Smith and Co. Properties on the Halifax Waterfront. It opened on January 22 of that year. Since then, more than 4 million people have visited the Museum.
  • The Museum is a valuable historical, cultural and educational institution. It is the largest site in Nova Scotia that collects and interprets various elements of Nova Scotia’s marine history. Visitors are introduced to the age of steamships, local small craft, the Royal Canadian and Merchant Navies, World War II convoys and The Battle of the Atlantic, the Halifax Explosion of 1917, and Nova Scotia’s role in the aftermath of the Titanic disaster.
  • Nova Scotia does not share a boarder with a U.S. state
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Nunavut

  • The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second largest country by area. There are 10 provinces and 3 territories
  • Nunavut is the newest, largest, northernmost, and least populous territory of Canada
  • Nunavut was separated from the North West Territories on April 1,1999 via the Nunavut Act and the Nunavut Claims Agreement Act.
  • The territory is 808,185 square miles in size and the capital is Iqaluit, (means place of many fish) which is located on Baffin Island at the Northern end of Frobisher Bay. The tides of Frobisher Bay rise and fall 26-39 feet twice a day….the second highest tides in Canada after the Bay of Fundy in Nova Scotia
  • From May-August days are 16 hours of sunlight with temperatures from 5 -25 degrees Celsius. During June and early July Iqaluit enjoys nearly 24 hours of sunshine with a beautiful twilight sky for 2 hours around midnight. The shortest days are in December with 4 hours of sunlight. The Northern lights are frequently seen from October-April. Winter temperatures are from – 10 to -32 degrees Celsius
  • Eskimos/Native population living in Canada are identified as Inuit. The word Eskimo is used commonly in the U.S.A. to identify American Native population living in Alaska
  • Nunavut does not share any boarder with an American state

Ontario

  • The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second largest country by area. There are now 10 provinces and 3 territories
  • Ontario is Canada’s largest province in population (13.6 million) and second largest in size (415,598 square miles) and shares the American boarder with Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio and New York
  • Canadian Confederation, the birth of Canada as a nation took place July 1,1867. Originally just 4 provinces joined confederation. Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Ontario and Quebec. The capital city of Ontario is Toronto
  • Ontario is home to the nation’s capital, Ottawa located on the Rideau Canal and the Ottawa River
  • Pelee Island, located in the Western half of Lake Erie is the most southern community in Canada and is connected to both Canada and the U.S. mainland by ferry service. The island is 16.14 square miles in size.
  • PointPelee National Park in Leamington is on a major migration route of the monarch butterfly
  • Ontario is home to attractions such as Niagara Falls, the Shaw festival in Stratford, Parliament hill, the Canadian war museum in Ottawa, Lake Erie and Niagara-on-the-lake wineries, Algonquin Provincial Park, the Sandbanks Park on Lake Ontario, and the C.N. Tower in Toronto
  • The provincial flower is the trillium

Minnesota

  • Minnesota joined the Union on May 11, 1858 as the 32nd state. The capital is St. Paul and the state population is 5,303,925. The state moto is FattiL’Etoile du Nord which translates to “the North Star”
  • The nickname of Minnesota is the land of 10,000 lakes. The origin- from a Dakota Indian word meaning “Sky tinted water”. The state bird is the common loon and the showy lady’s  slipper is the state flower
  • Minnesota is home birding and wildlife, fishing and hunting, hiking, wine and beer tours, biking and golf, skiing and snowmobiling through the many outdoor trails and lakes
  • The mall of American is the state’s most visited attraction in Bloomington
  • Wisconsin
  • Wisconsin joined the Union on May 29, 1848 as the 30th state. The state population is 5,686,986 and the capital is Madison
  • Wisconsin’s nickname is the badger state. The state flower is the wood violet and the state bird is the robin
  • There is professional baseball, basketball and football in the state
  • Origin of name- from a Native American word for the principal river of the region meaning “ gathering of the waters”. Wisconsin is home to 7 state parks, the historic site of the Circus World Museum, the Ice Age National Scientific Reserve and many river ways
  • After 105 years in the making, the world’s only Harley-Davidson Museum opened in 2008 in Milwaukee

Michigan

  • Michigan joined the union on January 26, 1837 as the 26th state. The state population is 9,883,640 and the capital is Lansing. The state bird is the robin, and the state flower is the apple blossom.
  • Professional football, basketball, baseball and hockey is played in the state
  • Origin of the word- from the Indian word “ Michigana” meaning great or large lake
  • Points of interest include Mackinac Island, Fort Mackinac, Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshores
  • Ohio
  • Ohio joined the Union on March 1, 1803 as the 17th state. The population is 11,536,504.
  • Ohio’s nickname is the Buckeye state, the state bird is the cardinal and the state flower is the scarlet carnation
  • Origin of name- from an Iroquois word meaning “great river”
  • Ohio is home to Indian burial grounds at Mount City Group National Monument, as well as homes to Former Presidents Grant, Taft, Hayes, Harding and Garfield
  • There are professional basketball, football, baseball, hockey and soccer teams in Ohio
  • Ohio is a summer haven for boating, waterways, fishing, hunting, biking and golfing 

New York

  • New York joined the Union on July 26, 1788 as the 11th state. The population is 19,378,102 and the capital is Albany. The rose is the state flower and the bluebird the state bird
  • Origin of the name- In honor of the English Duke of York. The state is nicknamed the Empire State and is famous for Frank Sinatra’s “I Love NY”
  • Some New York city tourist attractions are the Statue of Liberty, the National Monument, the U.N., Carnegie Hall, Time Square, Central Park, Broadway and the Empire State building as well as being home to Niagara Falls, the Finger Lakes region  and the Adirondacks
  • There are professional basketball, football, baseball, hockey and soccer teams in the state 

Prince Edward Island

  • The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second largest country by area. There are 10 provinces and 3 territories
  • Prince Edward Island is proud to be our smallest province with a population of 140,204 and measuring 2,195 square miles. The province was renamed in 1799 in honor of Prince Edward, the father of Queen Victoria
  • PEI became a magical setting with the novel by Lucy Maud Montgomery’s story Anne of Green Gables in  1908
  • The Charlottetown Conference of 1864 led to Canada officially becoming a nation in 1867 and PEI became a province of Canada in 1873.
  • Charlottetown is the capital and PEI is a province of simple pleasures-golf, beaches, hiking and cycling along the 270 mile trail called the Confederation Trail. Agriculture is the largest industry in PEI with 30 % of our potatoes being grown in the province.
  • Confederation Bridge joins PEI to New Brunswick. The provincial flower is the lady slipper.
  • PEI does not share a boarder with any American state.

Quebec

  • The provinces and territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second largest country by area. There are 10 provinces and 3 territories in Canada
  • Quebec, the largest province in size, is located in Eastern Canada. It has the second largest population next to Ontario and shares its’ boarders with the U.S. states of New York, Vermontand Maine
  • The largest city in Quebec is Montreal but the capital of the province is Quebec City. 7,900,000 people live in the province which covers 1,542,056 square km. There are 22 provincial parks in Quebec as well as the Morency Falls, which are just outside of Quebec City and are taller than Niagara Falls in Ontario
  • Quebec is unique among North American tourist destinations due to its French heritage and its Francophone culture. 83% of the population is Roman Catholic 
  • The province has a diverse landscape of small towns, farmland, lakes and rivers, mountains and a few fiords on the east coast, and a rugged coastal region which is famous for whale watching
  • The landscape allows such sports as skiing, hiking and exploring. During the months of March and April you can enjoy the sugar shack (cabane a sucre) a tradition of eating maple sugar products.The cuisine includes shepherd’s pie, poutine, sugar pie, maple syrup and tourtiere, which is a meat pie
  • Quebec is home to the largest percentage of unmarried couples in the world. Women when they do marry retain their maiden name.
  • Quebec joined confederation on July 1, 1867

Vermont

  • Vermont joined the Union on March 4, 1791 as the 14th state. The capital is Montpelier with a population 625,741. Home to the 6th largest lake in the nation, Lake Champlain. Isle la Motte is an island located at the Northern end of Lake Champlain which contains rocks on what is believed to be the earliest ancestors of modern coral reefs. The rocks sticking through the surface were part of a geologic formation that once ran from Newfoundland to Tennessee and Virginia. The area is known as the Chazy Reef
  • Origin of the name Vermont- from the French VERT MONT, meaning Green Mountain The state is known as the green mountain state. The state flower is the red clover and state bird is the hermit thrush. Vermont is home to the Calvin Coolidge Homestead at Plymouth
  • There are no NFL, MLB, NBA, WNBA, MLS or NHL teams in the state

New York

  • New York joined the Union on July 26, 1788 as the 11th state. The population is 19,378,102 and the capital is Albany. The rose is the state flower and the bluebird the state bird
  • Origin of the name- In honor of the English Duke of York. The state is nicknamed the Empire State and is famous for Frank Sinatra’s “I Love NY”
  • Some New York city tourist attractions are the Statue of Liberty, the National Monument, the U.N., Carnegie Hall, Time Square, Central Park, Broadway and the Empire State building as well as being home to Niagara Falls, the Finger Lakes region  and the Adirondacks
  • There are professional basketball, football, baseball, hockey and soccer teams in the state 

Maine

  • Maine joined the Union on March 15, 1820 as the 23rd state. The capital is Agusta, with a population of 19,136, making it the 3rd smallest state capital (next to Vermont and South Dakota). Agusta was first explored in 1607 and first inhabited by English settlers in 1629
  • The state is known as the pine tree state and the state bird is the chickadee
  • Origin of the name Maine- used to distinguish the mainland from the offshore islands. It was considered a compliment to Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles 1 of England. She was said to have owned the province of Mayne in France
  • There is no NFL, MLB, NBA, WNBA, MLS or NHL team in the state
  • Points of interest are: Bar Harbor, Allagash National Wilderness Waterway and Roosevelt Campbell International Park
  • The Portland Observatory is the only extant maritime signal station in the U.S.A. The Portland

Saskatchewan

  • Saskatchewan is from the Cree language meaning swiftly flowing river, and is one of the 3 Prairie Provinces with the states of Montana and North Dakota to the South.
  • The provinces has a population of 1,033,000 people and entered Confederation on September 1, 1905. The capital is Regina
  • The province produces more than half of the wheat grown in Canada, and is home to the RCMP training academy
  • Tommy Douglas, a former Premiere of the province and leader of the NDP (New Democratic Party) introduced in 1947 universal hospitalization in Saskatchewan and in 1959 announced a Medicare Plan for Saskatchewan. He brought massive change to the province and led the way for many social reforms in the rest of Canada. He is considered the father of Medicare in Canada. He is also the grandfather of actor Kiefer Sutherland.

North Dakota

  • North Dakota joined the Union on November 2, 1889 as the 39th state. The state has a population of 672,591 and the capital is Bismarck.
  • Origin of the name- from the Sioux tribe meaning allies
  • The nickname for the state is the Sioux state. The state flower is the wild prairie rose and the state bird is the western meadowlark. The state is the leading producer of honey and sunflowers in the country and produces enough soybeans to make 483 billion crayons per year.
  • The many dairy farms produce 38 million gallons of milk with $68 million in sales annually
  • Teddy bears got their name from former U.S. President Roosevelt and the state is home to the Teddy Roosevelt National Park.
  • There are no NFL, MLB, NBA, WNBA, MLS or NHL teams in North Dakota

Montana

  • Montana joined the Union on November 8, 1889 as the 41st state. The population is 1,005,141, the capital is Helena and the state’s nickname is “the treasure state”
  • With the signing of the Louisiana Purchase Treaty between the U.S.A. and France on April 30, 1803 part of the parcel of land is now the state of Montana.
  • Native Americans were the first inhabitants of the area. Tribes included the Crow, Cheyenne, Blackfeet, Assiniboine, gros Ventres,  Kootenai, Salish, Pend d’Oreille and the Kalispel
  • The Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-06 was the first group of white explorers to cross Montana, followed by fur trappers and traders. The passage of the “Enlarged Homestead Act” of 1909 brought tens of thousands of homestead farmers into the state. After the 1840’s gold was discovered and brought many prospectors to the area.
  • By the 1860’s cattle ranching began to flourish and by the 1880’s railroads crossed Montana 

Yukon

  • The provinces and Territories of Canada combine to make up the world’s second largest country by area. There are 10 provinces and 3 territories
  • The Yukon entered into Confederation on June 13, 1898 and covers an area of 186,272 square miles, and has a small population of just 34,000
  • The capital city is Whitehorse. About 1/5 of Yukoners are of aboriginal decent and belong to 1 of 14 Yukon First Nations
  • More than 80 % of the Yukon is still wild with majestic mountains, glaciers, rivers and wildlife
  • The Yukon is home to Kluane National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site. The major industries are mining and tourism. In summer daylight can last as long as 20 hours and in the winter months daylight can be as brief as 6.5 hours
  • The Yukon shares a boarder with the State of Alaska
  • Eskimos/Native population living in Canada are identified as Inuit. The word Eskimo is used commonly in the U.S.A. to identify American Native population living in Alaska

Alaska

  • Alaska was purchase from Russia for $7,200,000 in 1867 (about 2 cents an acre). Alaska joined the Union on January 3, 1959 as the 49th state. It is the largest state in the U.S.A. The state’s population is 738,432 and covers an area of 663,267 square miles. The capital is Juneau.
  • The state motto is: North to the future. The state sport is dog mushing, their flower is the forget-me-not
  • The state is nicknamed the land of the midnight sun. In Alaska the summers in the interior can have up to 24 hours of daylight
  • The Alaska Native Population includes Eskimos, Indians and Aleuts. Eskimo is used for Alaska Natives, Inuit is used for Eskimos living in Canada
  • Origin of the name- part of an Aleut word meaning “Great Land” or “that which the sea breaks against”
  • In August 2015 Mount McKinley’s name was restored to the native name “Denali
  • There are many impressive National Parks and Preserves in Alaska to view the wildlife on land or at sea on the lookout for Humpback whales. You can drive along the last frontier, boat down the majestic rivers and lakes, hiking the mountains and glaciers or watch 1 of 5 distinct Native groups perform the traditional raven dance
 
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